Task 2 雅思范例9(Working from home should be encouraged?)

Sample 9 范例9

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Computers and modems have made it possible for office workers to do much of their work from home instead of working in offices every day. Working from home should be encouraged as it is good for workers and employers. 计算机和调制解调器使办公室职员们在家就能完成一大堆工作,而不用每天在办公室里上班。应该鼓励在家办公,因为这对雇员们和雇主们都有好处。

Do you agree or disagree? 

Write at least 250 words.


office worker ——noun [ C ] a person who does their job in an office rather than in a factory, etc. 办公室职员

【例句】

Office workers are seated for much of the day and have few opportunities for activity.


请留意以下单词和短语,写作时要多学习使用以下这些words and phrases

Also, because, The first is that, For example, Secondly, Finally, In conclusion, since, such as, while, On the other hand, A further point is that


sample answer:


第一段(近年来,信息通讯技术的大力发展,使得在家远程办公成为可能,尽管如此,极少有公司和雇员充分利用了远程办公的优势)

In recent years the vast expansion of information and communications technology has made teleworking much more practical. Although in many cases office workers could be made geographically independent by using modems, faxes and cell phones, few companies or employees take full advantage of this possibility.


the vast expansion of information and communications technology 信息和通讯技术的巨大发展

teleworking ——noun [ U ] UK  (also telecommuting) the activity of working at home, while communicating with your office by phone or emai 远程办公(在家工作,通过电话或电子邮件与办公室联系)

practical 实用的

take full advantage of 充分利用…的优势



第二段(有许多充分的论据是赞同在家办公的。第一,可以减少雇主成本,不必租用过大的办公室;第二,雇员不必每天通勤,有了更多自由时间可支配,个人生活得到改善,能同时兼顾工作和家庭。)

There are a number of strong arguments in favor of allowing workers to work from home. Firstly costs for employers would be reduced because businesses would require less office space, which is often situated in the center of large cities. Secondly, worker's lives would be improved in a variety of ways. For example, they would not need to travel to get to work, which would give them more free time. Also, they could combine their work with their family life, which is a major advantage if they are parents of young children or they have old people to look after. 


strong arguments 站得住脚的论点/强有力的论据


be in favour of sth/doing sth ——to support or approve of something赞同…/赞同做…

【例句】

Are you in favour of a ban on smoking?你赞同禁烟吗?

I'm not in favour of hitting children.我不赞同打孩子。


work from home 在家办公

costs for employers 雇主的成本

businesses  noun[ C ] 公司,商业机构

combine their work with their family life 同时兼顾工作与生活


第三段(另一方面,集中办公也是有几点优势的。第一,在家办公很可能错过工作中的社交环节,比如与同事碰面和拜访客户;第二,雇主无法监督在家办公的雇员,无法确保职员高效率高标准完成工作。第三,在家上班只适合常规的办公室工作,因其会妨害团队合作和创造性的工作。)

On the other hand, traveling to a centralized workplace also has a number of points in its favor. The first is that many employees would miss the social aspect of work such as seeing colleagues and meeting customers. A further point is that employers would need to be able to trust their workers to work at a high standard and finish their work on time, since supervising teleworkers is even more complicated than supervising workers in the same office. Finally, working from home might inhibit teamwork and creative work and so perhaps so only really suitable for people doing routine office work.


a centralized workplace 集中的工作场所


a number of things ——several of a particular type of thing 几个,若干

【例句】

I decided not to go, for a number of reasons. 我决定不去,有几个理由。


in its favor(去集中的工作场所上班有几点)优势

in your favour ——When something is in your favour, it gives you an advantage.对…有利,使…处于有利的位置

【例句】

This candidate has a lot in her favour, especially her experience of teaching.这位求职者有很多优势,尤其是她执教的经历。


the social aspect of work 工作中的社交环节/层面

teleworking 远程工作者

work at a high standard and finish their work on time 高标准工作并按时完成工作


inhibit ——verb[ T ] to slow down a process or the growth  of something 抑制;约束

【例句】

This drug inhibits the growth of tumours. 这种药可以抑制肿瘤的生长。


teamwork and creative work 团队合作与创造性的工作

routine office work 日常办公室工作


第四段(总之,尽管一些人很愿意外出工作,而另外一些人则会发现在家办公是非常方便的。在可能的情况下,应该给予雇员们选择的机会,除非他们愿意,否则不能强迫他们在家办公。)

In conclusion, I believe that while many workers welcome the opportunity to go out to work, others would find the chance to work from home very convenient. Where possible, I think workers should be offered the choice, but not forced to work from home unless they wish to.


where possible 在可能的情况下

where ——in what situation处于何种情况

【例句】

You're not available on the 12th and Andrew can't make the 20th - so where does that leave us?你12号没时间,而安德鲁20号不行——那我们还能选哪个时间呢?

Where do you see yourself five years from now?你觉得自己5年之后会是什么样?


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