高地阔剑的使用 托马斯佩吉 基础词汇

高地阔剑

高地人进攻与格挡的方式

高地阔剑是一种攻击性和防御性的武器,现在多半被外国以及苏格兰高地人所使用;无论是在决斗,还是在战场上都是如此。

它的使用,以及它的所有优点和缺点,以及它在进攻和防守方面的做法,成为一门被简化为一门有规律的科学:为了理解它,必须解释以下技术术语。

 

架势(guard)
Is the manner of holding the Sword in such a Position, as will defend some Part of the Body.
是持剑在这样的位置上的方式,这样可以保护身体的某一部分。


摆出架势(To Raise the Guards. )

Is to put the Sword in such a Position as will Guard one Part of the Body, and then to change it from that, to such other Positions; as will successively Guard or Defend all the other parts of the Body.
就是把剑放在这样一个位置,保护身体的一个部位,然后将它从这个位置改变到其他的位置;连续地格挡或保卫身体的所有其他部位。

 

外侧(The Outside.)

Is the external part of the Right Side of the Head, Neck, Arm, Body, Thigh and Leg.
是头部,颈部,手臂,身体,大腿和腿部右侧的外部部分。

 

内侧(The Inside. )

Is the Internal parts of the Limbs on the Right Side, also the Forepart of the Face and Body, with the whole Left Side.

是右侧四肢的内部,也是脸部和身体的前部,整个左侧。

 

中线(The Line. )

Is a straight Line supposed to be drawn through the Center of your own Body and that of your Adversary's; and must be the Center of Motion to your Body, and in the very Middle of every Guard, as well as of every Throw.
是一条直线,应该通过你自己的身体中心和你的对手的中心;并且必须是你身体的运动中心,并且在每一次格挡与进攻的中间。

 

进攻(throw)

Is the striking at some part of your Adversary to Cut Him.
就是攻击你的对手的某个部位来割伤他。

 

保护(To Cover.)

Is to Guard some Part from a Throw.
保护身体的一些部分不被打中。

 

停剑(A Stop.)

Is to receive your Adversary's Sword with a proper Guard upon the Edge of your own Sword.
就是用你自己的剑刃格挡对手的剑


前进(To Advance.)

Is to press upon your Adversary under the Cover of some Guard, Step by Step, with the right Foot always before; making but half Steps at a Time.
就是在一些格挡的掩护下下向你的对手施压,一步一步走,右脚总是在前面;一次只走半步。


撤退(Retreating)

Is retiring from him under the Cover of some Guard by half Steps, the left Leg moving first Backwards, and the right drawing after it.
在一些格挡的掩护下从他身边退下半步,左腿先向后移动,右腿紧随其后。


恢复(To Recover.)

Is to reduce yourself to any Position or Guard from whence you have departed.
将自己恢复到之前所摆的架势和位置。


弓步进步(To Lunge.)

Is to step forward with the right Foot keeping the left fixt, the better to reach your Adversary.
就是用右脚向前迈,保持左脚固定,更好地攻击到你的对手。

 

保持弓步(To Lie upon the Lunge.)

Is to continue in that Stradling Posture.
就是继续以弓步的站立的姿势。


躲闪(To Slip.)

Is to withdraw your Body or some Limb out of the Reach of your Adversary's Throw, in stead of stopping it.
去躲开对手对你身体或者四肢的攻击,而非进行格挡。


跳开(To Spring Off.)

Is a quick Retreat out of the Reach of your Adversary, by leaping backward.
是一个快速撤退,通过向后跳跃,让你的对手碰不到。

 

身体下沉(Sinking the Body.)

Is only bending the Hams till you can Fight below your Adversary's Guards, and still be cover'd under your Own.
只是弯曲膝盖直到你可以在对手的守卫下战斗,并且仍然在自己的格挡下战斗。


判断距离。(To Judge a Distance.)

Is to know when you are within Reach of any Part of your Adversary, at which you are about to Throw; and to Throw so as neither to reach too far, nor have your Sword fall short.
就是知道什么时候你可以接触到对手的任何部位,你即将攻击时;攻击既不能伸得太远,也不能让你的剑落空。


佯攻(To Feint.)

Is to Offer to throw without throwing home.
就是摆出试图进攻的样子,而不进行真的进攻。

 

把握时机(time)

Is to Stop, Throw or Recover, neither too soon or to too late.
格挡,进攻或恢复既不太快也不太慢。


压剑(to bear)

Is to press with some Strength against your Adversary's Sword in the Fort, with the Fort of your Own.
就是在你的强剑身上发力压住对方的剑。

 

强剑身(fort)

Is that Part of the Sword Blade near the Hilt.
就是剑刃的离护手较近的部分。


弱剑身(foible)

Is that Part nearer to the Point of the Sword.
剑刃更靠近剑尖的部分。


一个机会。(a chance)

Is any Part not under the Cover of a Guard.
任何不在格挡的保护之下的部位。

 

斜送步

Is stepping from the straight Line either to the Right of Left in a Circle, still preserving the Center of that Circle, in the Center of the Line.

绕一个圆心左右做直线移动,仍然保持圆心不变。

 


本文为我原创

本文禁止转载或摘编

-- --
  • 投诉或建议
评论