生活学习·实用英语基础词汇短语_6D音标版

生活学习·实用英语基础词汇短语(中小学适用)_6D音标版

( cngzhong@outlook.com整理、校订、添加6D音标)约560个

 

一、学习用品(school things)

pen [pen] 钢笔

pencil ['pensl] 铅笔

pencil-case ['penslkās] 铅笔盒

ruler ['roo:l2] 尺子

book [book] 书

bag [bag] 包

post card [pōst kɑ:d] 明信片

newspaper ['nūz,pāp2] 报纸

schoolbag [skoo:lbag] 书包

eraser [ i'rās2 ] 橡皮

crayon [ 'krā2n ] 蜡笔

sharpener [ 'shɑ:p2n2 ] 卷笔刀

story-book [ 'storri book ] 故事书

notebook [ 'nōtbook ] 笔记本

Chinese book [ 'chī'nēz ] 语文书

English book [ 'ingglish ] 英语书

maths book [ maths ] 数学书

magazine [ ,mag2'zēn ] 杂志

newspaper [ 'nūz,pāp2 ] 报纸

dictionary [ 'diksh2neri ] 词典

 

二、 身体部位(body)

foot [ foot ] 脚

head [ hed ] 头

face [ fās ] 脸

hair [ he2 ] 头发

nose [ nōz ] 鼻子

mouth [ mowth ] 嘴

eye [ ī ] 眼睛

ear [ i2 ] 耳朵

arm [ ɑ:m ] 手臂

hand [ hand ] 手

finger [ 'fingg2 ] 手指

leg [ leg ] 腿

tail [ tāl ] 尾巴

 

三、 颜色(colours)

red [red] 红

blue [bloo:] 蓝

yellow ['yelō] 黄

green [grēn] 绿

white [wīt] 白

black [blak] 黑

pink [pingk] 粉红

purple ['purpl] 紫

orange ['orrinj] 橙

brown [brown] 棕

 

四、 动物(animals)

cat [kat] 猫

dog [dog] 狗

pig [pig] 猪

duck [duk] 鸭

rabbit ['rabit] 兔子

horse [hors] 马

elephant ['elif2nt] 大象

ant [ant] 蚂蚁

fish [fish] 鱼

bird [burd] 鸟

snake [snāk] 蛇

mouse [mows] 鼠

kangaroo [,kangg2'roo:] 袋鼠

monkey ['mungki] 猴子

panda ['pand2] 熊猫

bear [be2] 熊

lion ['lī2n] 狮

tiger ['tīg2] 老虎

fox [foks] 狐狸

zebra ['zēbr2] 斑马

deer [di2] 鹿

giraffe [ji'rɑ:f] 长颈鹿

goose [goo:s] 鹅

hen [hen] 母鸡

turkey ['turki] 火鸡

lamb [lam] 小羊

sheep [shēp] 绵羊

goat [gōt] 山羊

cow [kow] 奶牛

shark ['shɑ:k] 鲨鱼

seal [ sēl ] 海豹

 

五、 人物(people)

friend [frend] 朋友

boy [ boy ] 男孩

girl [gurl] 女孩

mother ['muTh2] 母亲

father ['fɑ:Th2] 父亲

sister ['sist2] 姐妹

brother ['bruTh2] 兄弟

uncle ['ungkl] 叔叔

man [man] 男人

woman [ 'woom2n] 女人

Mr 先生 

Miss 小姐 

lady ['lādi] 女士

mom [mom] 妈妈

dad [dad] 爸爸

parents ['pe2r2nts] 父母

grandma ['grandmɑ:]

grandmother ['grand,muTh2] (外)祖母

grandpa ['grandpɑ:]

grandfather ['grand,fɑ:Th2] (外)祖父

aunt [ɑ:nt] 阿姨

cousin ['kuzn] 堂兄弟姊妹

son [sun] 儿子

baby ['bābi] 婴儿

kid [kid] 小孩

classmate ['klɑ:smāt ] 同学

queen ['kwēn] 女王

visitor ['vizit2] 参观者

neighbour ['nāb2 ] 邻居

principal ['prins2p2l ] 校长

pen pal [ pen pal ] 笔友

tourist ['too:rist ] 旅行者

people ['pēpl ] 人物

robot ['rōbot ] 机器人

 

六、 职业(job)

teacher ['tēch2] 教师

student ['stūd2nt] 学生

doctor ['dokt2] 医生

nurse [nurs] 护士

driver ['drīv2 ] 司机

farmer ['fɑ:m2] 农民

singer ['sing2] 歌唱家

writer ['rīt2] 作家

artist ['ɑ:tist ] 画家

actor ['akt2] 男演员

ctress ['aktris] 女演员

TV reporter [ri'port2] 电视台记者

engineer [,enji'ni2 ] 工程师

policeman [ p2'lēsm2n ] (男)警察

salesperson ['sālz,pursn ] 销售员

cleaner ['klēn2 ] 清洁工

baseball player ['bās,borl 'plā2] 棒球运动员

assistant [ 2'sist2nt ] 售货员

 

 七、食品(food and drink:)

breakfast ['brekf2st ] 早餐

lunch [lunch] 中餐

dinner ['din2] 晚餐

egg [eg] 鸡蛋

rice [rīs] 米饭

cake [kāk] 蛋糕

bread [bred] 面包

jam [jam] 果酱

biscuit ['biskit] 饼干

sausage ['sorsij] 香肠

sandwich ['sandwich] 三明治

dumplings ['dumpling] 饺子

French fries [french frīz] 薯条

meat [mēt] 肉

chicken ['chikin] 鸡肉

mutton ['mutn] 羊肉

beef [bēf] 牛肉

pork [pork] 猪肉

fish [fish] 鱼

hamburger ['hamburg2] 汉堡

hot dog [hot dog] 热狗

noodles ['noo:dl] 面条

soup [soo:p] 汤

salad ['sal2d] 沙拉

milk [milk] 牛奶

water ['wort2] 水

ice-cream [īs krēm] 冰淇淋

cola ['kōl2] 可乐

juice [joo:s] 果汁

tea [tē] 茶

coffee ['kofi] 咖啡

fruit [froo:t] 水果

apple ['apl ] 苹果

banana [ b2'nɑ:n2 ] 香蕉

pear [pe2 ] 梨

orange ['orrinj ] 橙

watermelon ['wort2,mel2n ] 西瓜

grape [ grāp ] 葡萄

cherry ['cheri ] 樱桃

lemon [ 'lem2n ] 柠檬

mango [ 'manggō ] 芒果

coconut ['kōk2nut ] 椰子

peach [pēch] 桃

strawberry [ 'strorb2ri ] 草莓

vegetable [ 'vejit2bl ] 蔬菜

eggplant [ 'egplɑ:nt ] 茄子

green beans [ grēn bēns ] 青豆

tomato [ t2'mātō ] 西红柿

potato [ p2'tātō ] 土豆

cucumber [ 'kūk2mb2 ] 黄瓜

onion [ 'uny2n ] 洋葱

pea [ pē] 豌豆

carrot [ 'kar2t ] 胡萝卜

cabbage ['kabij ] 卷心菜

pumpkin [ 'pumpkin ] 南瓜

sweet-potato [ swēt p2'tātō ] 红薯

     

八、 衣服(clothes)

jacket ['jakit] 夹克衫

shirt [shurt] 衬衫

T-shirt T恤衫   

skirt [skurt] 短裙子

dress [dres] 连衣裙

jeans [jēnz] 牛仔裤

pants [pants] 裤子

trousers ['trowz2z ] 裤子

socks [soks] 袜子

shoes [shoo:z] 鞋子

sweater ['swet2] 毛衣

coat [kōt] 外套

raincoat ['rānkōt] 雨衣

shorts [shorts] 短裤

sandals ['sandl] 凉鞋

boots [boo:ts] 靴子

hat [hat] 有边帽

cap [kap] 无边帽

tie [tī] 领带

sunglasses ['sunglɑ:siz] 太阳镜

scarf [skɑ:f] 围巾

gloves [gluvz] 手套

 

九、交通工具(vehicles)

bike [bīk] 自行车

bus [bus] 公共汽车

train [trān] 火车

boat [bōt] 小船

ship [ship] 轮船

yacht [yot] 快艇

car [kɑ:] 小汽车

taxi ['taksi] 出租车

jeep [jēp] 吉普车

van [van] 小货车

plane [plān] 飞机

subway ['subwā] 地铁

motor cycle ['mōt2 'sīkl ] 摩托车

 

十、杂物(other things)

window ['windō] 窗户

door [dor] 门

desk [desk] 课桌

chair [che2] 椅子

bed [bed] 床

computer [k2m'pūt2] 计算机

board [bord] 写字板

fan [fan] 风扇

light [līt] 灯

mirror ['mir2] 镜子

teacher's desk [ 'tēch2 desk] 讲台

picture ['pikch2] 图画

photo ['fōtō] 照片

wall [worl] 墙壁

floor [flor] 地板

football ['footborl] 足球

present [ 'preznt ] 礼物

gift [ gift ] 礼物

lamp [lamp] 台灯

phone [fōn] 电话

sofa ['sōf2] 沙发

shelf [shelf] 书架

fridge [frij] 冰箱

table ['tābl] 桌子

air-conditioner [e2 k2n'dish2n2] 空调

key [kē] 钥匙

lock [lok] 锁

plate [plāt] 盘子

knife [nīf] 刀

fork [fork] 叉

spoon [spoo:n] 勺子

chopsticks ['chopstiks] 筷子

pot [pot] 锅

toy [toy] 玩具

doll [dol] 洋娃娃

ball [borl] 球

balloon [b2'loo:n] 气球

kite [kīt] 风筝

jigsaw puzzle ['jigsor 'puzl] 拼图游戏

box [boks] 盒子

umbrella [um'brel2] 伞

zipper ['zip2] 拉链

violin [,vī2'lin] 小提琴

nest [nest] 鸟窝

hole [hōl] 洞

toothbrush ['too:thbrush] 牙刷

menu ['menū] 菜单

e-card [kɑ:d] 电子卡片

e-mail [māl] 电子邮件

money ['muni] 钱

traffic light ['trafik līt] 交通灯

medicine ['medisin] 药

 

十一、地点(locations)

home [hōm] 家

room [roo:m] 房间

bedroom ['bedroom] 卧室

bathroom ['bathroom] 卫生间

living room [ 'living roo:m / 起居室] 客厅

kitchen ['kichin] 厨房

classroom ['klɑ:sroom] 教室

school [skoo:l] 学校

park [pɑ:k] 公园

library ['lībr2ri] 图书馆

post office [pōst 'orfis] 邮政局

hospital ['hospitl] 医院

cinema ['sinim2] 电影院

bookstore ['bookstor] 书店

farm [fɑ:m] 农场

zoo [zoo:] 动物园

garden ['gɑ:dn] 花园

playground ['plāgrownd] 操场

canteen [kan'tēn] 餐厅

teacher's office ['orfis] 教师办公室

gym [jim] 体育馆

washroom ['woshroom] 盥洗室

art room [ɑ:t roo:m] 美术室

computer room [k2m'pūt2] 电脑房

music room ['mūzik] 音乐教室

TV room电视房  

flat [flat] 公寓

company ['kump2ni] 公司

factory ['fakt2ri] 工厂

pet shop [pet shop] 宠物店

science museum ['sī2ns mū'zi2m] 科学博物馆

the Great Wall [grāt worl] 长城

supermarket ['sūp2,mɑ:kit] 超市

bank [bangk] 银行

country ['kuntri] 乡村

village ['vilij] 村庄

city ['siti] 城市

 

十二、气象(weather)

cold [kōld] 冷的

hot [hot] 热的

warm [worm] 温暖的

cool [koo:l] 凉爽的

snowy [snōi] 下雪的

sunny ['suni] 晴朗的

rainy ['rāni] 下雨

windy ['windi] 刮风的

cloudy ['klowdi] 多云的

weather report ['weTh2 ri'port] 天气预报

 

十三、景物(nature)

river ['riv2] 河流

lake [lāk] 湖泊

stream [strēm] 小溪

forest ['forist] 森林

path [pɑ:th] 小路

road [rōd] 马路

house [rōd] 房子

bridge [ brij ] 桥

building ['bilding] 建筑物

rain [rān] 雨

cloud [klowd] 云

sun [sun] 太阳

mountain ['mowntin ] 大山

sky [skī] 天空

rainbow ['rānbō] 彩虹

wind [wīnd] 风

air [e2] 空气

 

十四、植物(plants)

flower ['flow2] 花

grass [grɑ:s] 草

tree [trē] 树

seed [sēd] 种子

leaf [lēf] 树叶

plant [plɑ:nt] 植物

rose [rōz] 玫瑰

 

十五、星期(week)

Monday ['mundā] 星期一

Tuesday ['tūzdi] 星期二

Wednesday [wenzdi] 星期三

Thursday ['thurzdi] 星期四

Friday ['frīdi] 星期五

Saturday ['sat2di] 星期六

Sunday ['sundi] 星期日

weekend ['wēk'end] 周末

 

十六、月份(months)

January ['janūeri] 一月

February ['febroo2ri] 二月

March [mɑ:ch] 三月

April ['āpr2l] 四月

May [mā] 五月

June [joo:n] 六月

July [joo:'lī] 七月

August [or'gust] 八月

September [sep'temb2] 九月

October [ok'tōb2] 十月

November [nō'vemb2] 十一月

December [di'semb2] 十二月

 

十七、季节(seasons)

spring [spring] 春节

summer ['sum2] 夏季

fall [forl] 秋季(美国常用)

autumn ['ort2m] 秋季 (英国常用)

winter ['wint2] 冬季

 

十八、方位(directions)

south [sowth] 南

north [north] 北

east [ēst] 东

west [west] 西

left [left] 左

right [rīt] 右

 

十九、患病(illness)

have a fever ['fēv2] 发高烧

hurt [hurt] 疼痛

have a cold [kōld] 伤风

have a toothache ['too:thāk] 牙疼

have a headache ['hedāk] 头疼

have a sore throat [sor thrōt] 喉咙疼

have a stomachache ['stum2kāk] 胃痛

 

二十、数词(number)

one [wun] 一  

two [too:] 二   

three [thrē] 三   

four [for] 四 

five [fīv] 五   

six [siks] 六  

seven ['sevn] 七  

eight [āt] 八 

nine [nīn] 九  

ten [ten]十     

eleven [ē'levn] 十一  

twelve [twelv] 十二   

thirteen ['thurtēn] 十三     

fourteen ['for'tēn] 十四             

fifteen ['fif'tēn] 十五 

sixteen ['siks'tēn] 十六 

seventeen [,sevn'tēn] 十七

eighteen ['ā'tēn] 十八  

nineteen ['nīn'tēn] 十九 

twenty ['twenti] 二十

thirty 三十

forty 四十

fifty 五十

sixty 六十

seventy 七十

eighty 八十

ninety九十

hundred ['hundr2d] 一百

first 第一 

second 第二 

third 第三

fourth 第四 

fifth 第五

sixth 第六

seventh 第七

eighth 第八

ninth 第九

tenth 第十

eleventh 第十一  

twelfth第十二

 

 二十一、形容词(adj.)

big [big] 大的

small [smor] 小的

long [ long] 长的

tall [torl] 高的

short [short] 短的

young [yung] 年轻的

old [ōld] 老的

strong [strong] 强壮的

thin [thin] 瘦的

active ['aktiv] 积极的

quiet ['kwī2t] 安静的

nice [nīs ] 好的

kind [kīnd] 善良的

strict [strikt] 严格的

smart [smɑ:t] 聪明的

funny ['funi] 滑稽的

sweet [swēt] 甜的

salty ['sorlti ] 咸的

sour ['sow2] 酸的

fresh [fresh] 新鲜

favourite ['fāv2ri t] 最喜欢的

clean [klēn] 干净的

tired ['tī2d] 累的

excited [ik'sītid] 兴奋的

angry ['anggri] 生气的

happy ['hapi] 高兴的

bored [bord] 无聊的

sad [sad] 难过的

taller 更高的

shorter 更短的 

stronger 更强壮的

older 更老的    

younger 更年轻的

bigger 更大的   

heavier 更重的

longer 更长的  

thinner 更瘦的

smaller 更小的  

good 好的

better 更好的   

higher 更高的

fine [fīn] 好的

great [grāt] 棒的

heavy ['hevi] 重的

new [nū] 新的

fat [fat] 胖的

right [rīt] 对的

hungry ['hunggri] 饿的

cute [kūt] 可爱的

little ['litl] 小的

lovely ['luvli] 可爱的

beautiful ['būt2f2l] 漂亮的

colourful ['kul2fool] 五颜六色的

pretty ['priti] 漂亮的

cheap [chēp] 便宜的

expensive [iks'pensiv] 贵的

juicy ['joo:si] 有汁的

healthy ['helthi] 健康的

helpful ['helpf2l ] 有帮助的

high [hī] 高的

easy ['ēzi] 简单的

proud [prowd] 骄傲的

 

二十二、介词(prep.)

in 在……里面   

on 在……上面

under ['und2] 在……下面

near [ni2] 在……附近

behind [bi'hīnd] 在……后面

next to 在……旁边

over ['ōv2] 悬在……上面

in front of [frunt] 在……前面

 

二十三、代词(pron.)

I [ī] 我

we [wē] 我们

you [ū] 你,你们

he [hē] 他

she [shē] 她

it [it] 它

they [Thā] 他们

my [mī] 我的

our ['ow2] 我们的

your [ū2] 你的,你们的

his [hiz] 他的

her [hur] 她的

 

二十四、动词(verb.)

play [plā] 玩

swim [swim] 游泳

skate [skāt] 溜冰

fly [flī] 飞

jump [jump] 跳

walk [work] 走

run [run] 跑

climb [klīm] 爬

fight [fīt] 打架

swing [swing] 荡秋千

eat [ēt] 吃

sleep [slēp] 睡觉

like [līk] 喜欢

have [hav] 有

buy [bī] 买

take [tāk ] 拍(照),带

live [liv] 居住

teach [tēch] 教

go [gō] 去

study ['studi] 学习

learn [lurn] 学习

sing [sing] 唱歌

dance [dɑ:ns] 跳舞

row [rō] 划

read books读书

do homework做作业

watch TV [woch] 看电视

cook the meal [kook mēl] 烧菜/做饭

water the flowers ['flow2] 浇花

sweep the floor [swēp flor] 拖地

clean the bedroom [klēn 'bedroom] 打扫房间

make the bed 整理床铺/铺床

set the table ['tābl] 摆餐桌

wash the clothes [wosh klōThz] 洗衣服

wash the dishes [dish] 洗盘子

use a computer [k2m'pūt2] 用电脑

do morning exercises ['morning 'eks2sīz] 做早操

eat breakfast [ēt 'brekf2st] 吃早餐

eat dinner ['din2 ] 吃晚饭

go to school 去上学

have English class 上英语课

play sports [plā sports] 体育运动

get up起床

climb mountains [klīm  'mowntins] 爬山

go shopping去购物

play the piano [pi'anō] 弹钢琴

visit grandparents ['vizit 'grand,pe2r2nt] 拜访祖父母

go hiking [hīk] 去远足

fly kites [flī kīts] 放风筝

make a snowman [māk 2 'snō,man] 堆雪人

plant trees [plɑ:nt trēz] 植树

draw pictures [dror 'pikch2z] 画画

cook dinner [kook 'din2] 烧晚饭

read a book 读书

answer the phone ['ɑ:ns2 fōn ] 接电话

listen to music ['lisn 'mūzik] 听音乐

clean the room打扫房间

write a letter [rīt 'let2] 写信

write an e-mail写电子邮件

drink water [dringk 'wort2] 喝水

take pictures [tāk 'pikch2] 拍照片

pick up leaves [pik up lēvz] 摘树叶

write a report [rīt ri'port] 写报告

play chess [ches] 下棋

have a picnic ['piknik] 野餐

get to到达

ride a bike [rīd bīk] 骑自行车

play the violin [,vī2'lin] 拉小提琴

collect stamps [k2'lekt stamp] 集邮

meet [mēt/ 遇见 welcome/'welk2m] 欢迎

thank [thangk] 谢谢

work [wurk] 工作

drink [dringk] 喝

taste [tāst] 尝

smell [smel] 闻

feed [fēd] 喂

milk [milk] 挤牛奶

look [look] 看

guess [ges] 猜

help [help] 帮助

pass [pɑ:s] 传递

show [shō] 展示,给……看

use [ūz] 用

clean [klēn] 打扫

open ['ōp2n] 打开

close [klōz] 关

put [poot] 放

read [rēd] 读,看

write [rīt] 写

paint [pānt] 画画

tell [tel] 告诉

kick [kik] 踢

ride [rīd] 骑

stop [stop] 停

wait [wāt] 等

find [fīnd] 找

drive [drīv] 驾驶

fold [fōld] 折叠

send [send] 送,寄

wash [wosh] 洗

shine [shīn] 照耀

become [bi'kum] 变成

feel [fēl] 感觉

think [thingk] 想

fall [forl] 掉下

leave [lēv] 离开

wake up [wāk up] 醒过来

put on穿上

take off 脱下 

hang up [hang up] 挂起来

wear [we2] 穿

go home回家

go to bed去睡觉

play computer games [k2m'pūt2 gāms] 玩电脑游戏

play chess [ches] 下棋

do housework ['howswurk] 做家务

empty the trash ['empti trash] 倒垃圾

put away the clothes [klōTh] 放好衣服

get off下车

take a trip [trip] 去郊游

read a magazine [,mag2'zēn] 读杂志

go to the cinema ['sinim2] 去电影院/去看电影



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